This study identifies types of income diversification strategies agro-pastoral households are pursuing and factors affecting the likelihood of adopting income diversification strategies. To achieve these purposes data were collected from 153 randomly selected sample agro-pastoral households. The data were analyzed statistically and econometrically. The study has identified agro-pastorals in the study area practice agriculture alone (62%), agriculture plus non-farm (16%) and agriculture plus off-farm income (22%) diversification strategies. The econometric analysis also revealed that educational status, age and sex of the household heads, and household size, remittances, livestock holding, as well as market access were important determinants of the probability of agro-pastoral households’ decision to pursue income diversification strategies. Therefore, policy makers and development agencies should give due attention to improve educational coverage, business skill and market infrastructure developments.
Key Words: Agro-pastoral, Households, Livelihood, Diversification, Ethiopian Somali region, MNL model