The dimensions, determinants and consequences of food security problems differ widely across geographical location. In Ethiopia, food insecurity is highly prevalent in moisture deficit dryland areas and in the lowland pastoral and agro-pastoral livelihood systems. The study was conducted in Shinile district of Somali region. It is based on survey data gathered from randomly selected 200 sampled pastoral households in the study area. A binary logit model was used to examine the pastoral households’ food security status and identify the factors influencing household level food insecurity. A total of nine explanatory variables were included in the empirical model. The study result revealed the incidence of food insecurity was 56 %. Demographic factors such as age and household size and socio-economic variables like livestock holding, ratio of browse to grazer species of livestock and small ruminants were found to be statistically significant to influence food insecurity in the study area.
Key Words: Food insecurity, Pastoral household, Correlates, Logit model, Shinile district