Food insecurity is one of the major challenges of rural households in Ethiopia. The study aims to estimate the magnitude of food insecurity and examine food security’s association with livelihood strategies among rural households. Primary data was collected using structured questionnaires. The Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) index was employed to examine the dimensions of food insecurity. The livelihoods systems approach was used to investigate the vulnerability of households. Sixty six percent of the sample households found to be food insecure with food insecurity gap and severity 27 percent and 14 percent, respectively. Moreover, the result revealed that livelihood strategies have significant association with food security. The study implies that severity level of food insecurity should be used to target food insecurity households in food security programs.
Key Words: Food insecurity, Livelihood strategies, Ethiopia, FGT, Vulnerability, Diversification, Gursum