The study identifies types of adjustments agro-pastoral households are making in their crop and livestock production practices in response to climate changes, and factors influencing the probability of choosing adaptation mechanism at their disposal. Primary data were collected from randomly selected 156 agro-pastoral households. The survey data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multinomial econometric model. The result revealed that agro-pastorals practice adjusting planting date and adopting early maturing drought tolerant crop varieties (25%), herd diversification (20%) and herd mobility (14%) adaptation strategies. Empirical results from multinomial discrete choice model also confirmed multiple factors including formal education, access to extension service, and market access influenced households’ decision to adopt climate change adaptation options. Therefore, policies and intervention programs aimed at promoting household level climate change adaptation need to invest more on providing formal education, extension services and better road infrastructure.
Key Words: Agro-pastoral households, climate change, adaptation strategies, Ethiopia Somali Region, MNL model, herd diversification