The World Health Organization emphasized that an assessment of the adequacy of the chemical quality of drinking-water relies on comparison of the results of water quality analysis with guideline values. During the early development of the standards, the importance of feacal contamination of water was recognized and the role of filtration and later, disinfection were emphasized as critical to the control of drinking water quality. This research aimed at assessing water quality and pollution studies of River Romi Kaduna, Nigeria. The research methodology is experimental in design, samples were collected five (5) times from each of the sampling points after a duration of 1month, namely; Rido village, Railway quarters, Downstream of Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), Upstream of NNPC and Kudenda collection points. The result shows that the mean values of temperature at different sample points; Rido (270C), Railway Quarters (27.50C), Upstream (280C), Downstream (270C) and Kudenda (300C) respectively. The temperature range at all the sampled points was within the acceptable limit of FEPA and WHO standard for irrigation and drinking water. The research concludes that the water in River Romi has been polluted by effluents discharged from the Refinery because of the variation in the concentration of the water in the upstream point of effluent discharge as well as downstream. It is recommended that Introduction of cost-effective Cleaner Production Technologies by all industries especially on-site to treat and reduce on the amount of effluents into the Rivers.
Key Words: Water, Quality, Standard, Upstream, Pollution, Romi River