The study was designed to investigate the utilization of medicinal plants as influenced by the socio – economic status of the rural dwellers in Onipe and Laaniba villages at Oluyole and Akinyele Local Government Areas in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Many medicinal plants today either face extinction or loss of genetic diversity; hence, posing a great threat. The medicinal plant plays a vital role in the society as regard to the health maintenance of the people, especially the rural dwellers. Sixty structured questionnaires were administered in the study areas. However, a total of fifty-one were retrieved. Data were collected from household heads. Fifty six different medicinal plants species were identified for curing different ailments using different plant parts. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square test was also adopted. The study further revealed that there was a significant relationship between the utilization of medicinal plant and the socio – economic status of respondents. The study therefore recommends that the conservation and domestication of these valuable medicinal plant species should be a priority to prevent their extinction and ensure their sustainability to their preferred users.
Key Words: Medicinal plants, Utilization, Socio-economic, Rural dwellers, Local governments