Water and soil quality in Kogi state are examined in this study. Soil samples were taken from two sampling sites and one control site. The soil samples’ pH, lead, moisture, iron, copper, zinc, phosphate, and other physicochemical properties were measured using standard laboratory methods. The result was examined using standard methods to determine how floods affected soil quality. Floodplain soil quality was significantly lower than in non-flooded areas. At 95% confidence (p0.05), this was scientifically proven. Using a p-value of 0.05, soil properties were considerably lower in flood zones than controlled sites. The study found that floodplains had poorer soil quality than non-flooded areas. Thus, to preserve floodplains’ natural quality, the government and other institutions should avoid further flooding.
Key Words: Flood, Physiochemical properties, Soil, Environment, Lokoja