The paper review factors influencing wood modification, which involves altering the physical, chemical, or biological properties of wood to enhance its performance. Population increase and increase in demand for wood product has put pressure on the preferred timbers. The primary objective is to explore the potential of wood modification to improve wood’s properties, particularly addressing issues like dimensional instability and decay. Comprehensive approach was employed to review the wood modification process in Nigeria. The study review that wood modification, specifically thermal modification, can significantly enhance the dimensional stability, decay resistance, and strength properties of Nigerian wood species. However, despite the positive outcomes, wood modification technologies have not gained widespread acceptance among researchers and stakeholders in Nigeria’s wood industry. This lack of adoption has resulted in limited investment and insufficient dissemination of research information. The wood industry in Nigeria faces challenges related to sustainability and the quality of wood products. The study emphasizes the urgent need for increased awareness and investment in wood modification technologies. By embracing wood modification techniques, Nigeria can enhance the value and sustainability of its wood products, thereby contributing to sustainable forest management and meeting the demand for high-quality wood-based goods.

Key Words: Wood modification, Dimensional stability, Decay, Resistance, Strength properties

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