The developing countries of the world are challenged by provision of affordable, efficient transport infrastructures to facilitate the movement of peri-urban residents to the city centres. This situation is further compounded by the public constrained budget and level of poverty. It is against this that the study examined transportation challenges in the peri-urban areas of Ona-Ara Local Government of Ibadan. A multi-stage sampling procedure was adopted. From the 3,053 residential building, random sampling method was used to select 214 (7%) buildings for the administration of structured questionnaire while the transport providers were also interviewed. Findings revealed that most communities within the LGA were accessible and majority of the respondents commute to the city centres to demand for essential services. About 74.0% of respondents had never had a personal means of transportation and motorcycles were the major means of transportation. Most of the access roads were not tarred and in deplorable conditions with implication on travel time and cost. The challenges of the transport providers included poor condition of road. The study concludes that the transportation challenges experience are transport exclusion and transport poverty., Therefore, policy of decentralization of basic facilities and service from the city centre to the transition zones to reduce the need to travel should be adopted.
Key Words: Transport poverty, Mobility, Accessibility, Transport challenges, Peri-urban