Increasing incidences of farmer-herder incessant clashes in Nigeria have attendant consequences on population migration, hunger, and health challenges in human settlements (known as Internally Displaced People’s (IDP) Camps). As a result, the number of children displaced from school and maternal mortality rates soared between 2016 and 2018. Although the focus of this research project was on a sustainable approach to grassroots-based solutions which includes the three major focal points of food security, waste management and education. The study was narrowed to food security in changing climate regimes in sub-Saharan Africa. The aim was to use participatory action research (PAR) tool to determine the suitability or otherwise, of creating local solutions and setting up local Benue Food co-ops. The study objectives, amongst others, is to address some of the immediate climate-impact challenges. The participatory action research process tool is suitable because it improves a program, process, or practice or to solve real-world problems. Major outcome is a comprehensive climate adaptive model food co-op. Additional work will be needed in the future to address sustainable waste management systems (environmental and public health concerns), in the affected communities and develop a strategic plan to address the out-of-school children’s needs by establishing community based educational support across the Benue state. Results of the study reveal that climate adaptation measures such as people-oriented (Food co-operative) initiative being proposed. This is significant as it will aid in developing spatial organization of communities affected by climate change as well as improving livelihood activities in economically disadvantaged neighborhoods.
Key Words: Climate Change, Food Security, Community Capital, Sustainability